The two-dimensional carbon sheet graphene and its three dimensional cousins fullerene and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) share a huge scientific interest due to their interesting mechanical and electrical properties, with many realised and potential applications. The interaction of these nanoparticles with biological material is of specific interest with respect to their toxicity.

To address these concerns, a number of groups have started developing Martini models for fullerene [1,2,12], CNTs [3,4,9,13], and graphene [5,10], and explore how they interact with lipids and surfactants.

In addition, the interaction of other nanoparticles such as gold clusters [6,11] or coated nanoparticles [7,8] with lipid membranes have been addressed using Martini. We expect many more of such studies in the near future ...


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  • [11] S. Nangia, R. Sureshkumar. Effects of nanoparticle charge and shape anisotropy on translocation through cell membranes. Langmuir, Just Accepted, 2012. DOI: 10.1021/la303449d
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